Where there is a will there is a way essay, Ocean Dumping: Meaning, Causes Effects and Solutions, How can students help save the environment. Sujeet Kumar Jha is a prolific and versatile journalist with more than 10 years of experience in reporting and writing. Soil provides support and nutrients for plant growth. The toxin has to be man-made, rather than natural. It has been receiving more and more toxic substance. The soil of Earth is no different. Industrial accidents due to which hazardous chemicals are mixed in the soil. Illegal dumping is the biggest reason for soil pollution, which adversely affects the quality of soil and the health of people living on it. Another manner in which this type of soil pollution can occur is via the transportation of soil pollutants with precipitation water. Between the years 1999 to 2000, the farmers worldwide used 18.07 million tonnes of chemical fertilizers and the use of chemical fertilizers is still going on uninterruptedly. Humans are also affected in numerous ways either directly or indirectly. Radiation pollution is the occurrence of radioactive material in the soil. 1. But unfortunately, we are continuously cutting trees on the millions of acres of land for the wood required for construction and the land required for the cultivation, besides mining work. Humans can be harmed by contact with toxic and hazardous materials on a contaminated site via exposure to contaminated land, air, surface water, and ground water. Even the newborn babies and infants take birth with many types of physical inefficiency due to this phenomenon. Similarly, the shadow area of trees is less than 40 percent of the 55 percent of the total forest areas. The use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers has increased for cultivating more crops and these pollutants are making the soil poisonous and in many places the soil has become dead due to excessive use of it. Soil Pollution S.Keerthanan BS-1121 EU/IS/2009/BS/97 2. Soil pollution takes place due to fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides used in the fields. Significantly, in the US, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) has succeeded in establishing several rules for the use of soil, due to which thousands of infected sites have been cleaned up out there. The garbage from the factories should be sent to the purifying plants first and they should be immersed only after proper treatment. Roads and places where debris is deployed. It is absolutely essential to focus on land utilization and crop management. Man is polluting this natural resource from his activities, which is affecting the soil fertility. There are many types of natural and human-born soil pollution: Land pollution from domestic and industrial solid waste. Any soil pollution introduction must describe the different types of soil pollution. are major soil pollutants. Contamination is correlated with the degree of industrialization and intensity of chemical substance. An example of natural soil pollution is the accumulation of compounds containing the perchlorate anion (ClO 4 – ) in some dry, arid ecosystems. Many times, these tanks contain fuels or other fluids that damage the soil. As far as the question of human activities is concerned, land is the basis of all economic activities till the time of harvesting. The construction and implementation of the schemes required to protect the land which is destroyed by floods is essential. The chemical fertilizers are polluting the environment and groundwater resources of phosphate, nitrogen and other organic chemical land. Certainly, there is a need to adopt strict rules to control soil pollution, some of which are as follows: Soil pollution is increasing due to accumulation of domestic waste. The latter is much rarer than other types, but it is the deadliest. The word xenobiotic is derived from two Greek words “Xenos” which means foreigner and “bios” meaning life. In 1996, Chavis won the award for "best science fiction/fantasy" from the River Valley Writer’s Conference. These toxic chemicals pollute the soil and ultimately enter the food chain and infect us with dangerous diseases. Air pollution is the contamination of the natural air by mixing it with different pollutants … It also depends on rainfall. are examples of solid waste which pollute the soil. Soil Pollution: Among the many other types of pollution, soil pollution or land pollution is the next … Air Pollution: Air is perhaps the most vital element required for our survival. Recycling and re-use for the protection of soil is very important. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-6070398767421094"; Earlier where average four bags of urea were used in the fields, now 10 bags are being used. There is a need to work according to a well-planned strategy. Due to the human activities, a serious problem has been found in the form of soil erosion and soil pollution. Along with the other countries, thousands of hectares of agricultural land in many parts of India have lost their fertility through the constant use of chemical fertilizers. They do not exist naturally in the environment and are synthesized due to the activities of mankind. Sulfates, nitrates, heavy metals and other unnatural products pollute the ground. Due to leaks from pipes and gutters, pollutants also go into the soil and spread pollution. Most of the xenobiotics are carcinogens in nature. According to an estimate, about 47 percent of the total area of India is cultivated on agriculture, of which approximately 56-57 percent of the fertile strength has decreased. mode: 'thumbnails-rr', It contains inorganic matter, organic matter, water, air and many living organisms. Soil is defined as the top layer of the earth’s crust. Soil is an important natural resource on Earth that is essential to run the life of humankind and animals by producing vegetation, grains and other natural substances required for food and living. Major soil pollution after effects are: Inferior Crop Quality. These wastes affect the soil structure by being blocked in it for long periods. With the increased use of urea, soil health is messing up. phosphates, carbonates, sulfates, nitrates), and many organic compounds (such as lipids, proteins, DNA, fatty acids, hydrocarbons, PAHs, alcohols, etc.). Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the air; provide oxygen for humans and other organisms. What is soil? Most food in household waste is organic waste; to control it, we must store our food more efficiently in the fridge. Chemical fertilizers provide extra nutrients to increase crop yield, but also cause pollution that negatively impacts crops and soil quality over time. Here are prime factors responsible for soil pollution at a glance: Pollutants mix in soil and make it toxic and the chemical changes in the natural form of the soil begin to take place. TYPES, EFFECTS AND SOURCES OF SOIL POLLUTION Soil pollution mainly occurs due to the following: 1. window._taboola = window._taboola || ; After-Effects of Soil Pollution. Soil Erosion – (wind erosion, water erosion, mechanical erosion and so on)A partial or complete loss of the top fertile layer of soil (the soil layer with minerals and organic matter in it). These are pesticides and … Cadmium, chromium, copper, pesticide, chemical fertilizer, weed, toxic gases etc. Continuous drilling in mineral oil and oil wells. Once soil contamination migrates to waterways, it may also accumulate in sediments, which can be very difficult to remediate and may affect local ecosystems and human health. The far-reaching consequences of soil pollution can be so dangerous that the very future of human civilization is at stake. These compounds are mainly formed through soil microbial activity and decomposition of organisms (e.g., … Passionate about journalism and the other areas of communications, he has extensively written on a wide range of topics and issues for India’s leading publications. Soil erosion should be prevented by banning forest erosion and adopting soil conservation systems to protect its nutrients. Dehydration of contaminated water in soil. container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. Deforestation of the upper surface of the soil in mountainous districts is increasing rapidly. Moreover, the FAO distinguishes between two types of soil pollution: Specific pollution: accounted for by particular causes, occurring in small areas the reasons for which can be easily identified. The polluted soil can also affect human health in one way or another. Any undesirable change in the physical, chemical or biological properties of the soil, which is harmful to environment, living organisms and plants, is called ‘soil pollution’. Runoff from farmland and agricultural fields causes soil pollution that can damage animal and plant life. The figures clearly show the magnitude of the situation. These substances decrease soil fertility by reducing its mineral content. Plastic waste and chemicals contaminate our waters. Soil pollution is defined as, “contamination of soil by human and natural activities which may cause harmful effect on living organisms”. The soil is also polluted by the mineral oil spread on the land accidently. Electronic goods, broken furniture, junk papers, polythene bags, plastic cans, bottles, wastewater, toxic waste from the hospital etc. In the last 30 years, the use of organic chemicals has increased by more than 11 times. The main reason why the soil becomes contaminated is due to the presence of man made waste. Types of Soil Pollution. Thus, a degradation in the soil quality translates to lower yields and poor health of crops grown on such soil. There are many factors responsible for soil pollution such as chemical substances and insecticides, oil spills, landfill dumps and industrial waste etc. Lets have a look at various causes, effects and solutions of soil pollution. Toxic chemicals enter the diet chain, so that they reach the top consumer. This is also leading to the loss of rain. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. In the place of chemical fertilizers, the fundamental properties of soil should be strengthened by adopting Integrated Plant Nutrient Management. There is a need to make strict rules for proper disposal of industrial waste and ensure strict adherence to them. All living organisms, … Let us look in to what is soil pollution, its causes, types, prevention and effects. 1. Soil pollution. Industrial and agricultural chemicals are the common pollutants contaminating the soil. The soil is the wealth of the farmers; its deprivation of properties is not only a loss to farmers but to the country’s economy, human health, organisms, and vegetation too. Chemical compost used in agricultural work, litter and dirt also badly pollute the soil. For example, if pesticides are used while farming, then it affects the plants and the soil apart from killing the insects. We need to be prepared when the coming generations point their fingers to us for contaminating the earth so badly. 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